Leadership Styles
(Goleman)

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Creating resonance as a Visionary, Coaching, Affiliative, Democratic, Pacesetting or Commanding Leader. Explanation of Leadership Styles of Daniel Goleman.

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In his book Primal Leadership (2002, with Richard Boyatzis and Annie McKee), Goleman introduces six leadership styles. To properly understand the six leadership styles, you should first understand his human communication / interaction concept of resonance.


Leaders create resonance

In the view of Goleman, good leaders are effective because they create resonance.


Resonance comes from the Latin word resonare. Again creating sound. Effective leaders are attuned to other people's feelings and move them in a positive emotional direction. They speak authentically about their own values, direction and priorities and resonate with the emotions of surrounding people. Under the guidance of an effective leader, people feel a mutual comfort level. Resonance comes naturally to people with a high degree of emotional intelligence (self-awareness, self-management, social awareness and relationship management) but involves also intellectual aspects.


Creation of resonance can be done in six ways, leading to Six Leadership Styles. Typically, the most effective leaders can act according to and they can even skillfully switch between the various styles, depending on the situation.


 

Visionary Leadership

Coaching Style

Affiliative Leadership

Democratic Leadership

Pacesetting Leadership

Commanding Leadership

Leader characteristics

Inspires. Believes in own vision. Empathetic. Explains how and why people's efforts contribute to the 'dream'. Listens. Helps people identifying their own strengths and weaknesses. Counselor. Encourages. Delegates. Promotes harmony. Friendly. Empathetic. He boosts moral. Solves conflicts. Superb listener. Team worker. Collaborator. Influencer. Strong urge to achieve. High own standards. Initiative. Low on empathy and collaboration. Impatience. Micromanaging. Numbers-driven. Commanding. "Do it because I say so". Threatening. Tight control. Monitoring studiously. Creating dissonance. Contaminates everyone's mood. Drives away talent.

How style builds resonance

He moves people towards shared dreams. Connects what a person wants; with the organization's goals. Creates harmony by connecting people to each other. Appreciates people's input and gets commitment through participation. Realizes challenging and exciting goals. He decreases fear by giving clear direction in an emergency.

The impact of the style on the (business) climate

+ + + + + + + Often  ―  ―  when used too exclusively or poorly Often  ―  ―

When style is appropriate

When changes require a new vision. Or when a clear direction is needed. Radical change. To help competent, motivated employees to improve performance by building long-term capabilities. To heal rifts in a team. To motivate during stressful times. Or to  strengthen connections. To build support or consensus. Or to get valuable input from employees. To get high-quality results from a motivated and competent team. Sales. In a grave crisis. Or with problem employees. To start an urgent organizational turnaround. Traditional military.

Book: Daniel Goleman, Richard Boyatzis, Annie McKee - Primal Leadership -


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  Current Leadership Styles
In this era we do not need either pacesetting or commanding types of leadership.
In my opinion, we currently live in a world where we need mainly visionary leaders to achieve the objectives of our organisations. ...
     
 
  Leadership Styles are Labels
I think most of the leadership styles we heard and read about are simply labels made by people, in particular social scientists, to interpret those demonstrable behaviors. They are after-thoughts.
The very basic definition of "effective ...
     
 
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Followers soon evaluate and judge leaders who can deliver r...
     
 
  Resonating Leadership Character and Persona
Army General Douglas McArthur is an example of leadership character and a commanding persona who was dismissed by President Harry Truman in the exercise of civilian command and control over the military.
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  Dominant Leadership Styles
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  Situational Leadership Styles
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One of my trainers stated: "Leadership has to be democratic-dictatoric!...
     
 
  Mostly Used Leadership Style in Developed Countries
This topic is really very important for executives. I am willing to know which type leadership style is being used mostly in developed countries?
I would be grateful to have your replies....
     
 
  Democratic Leadership
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  Leadership Styles and Motivation
How do leadership styles actually relate to motivation?...
     
 
  General Allenby (Field Marshal Viscount Allenby)
Does anyone know what sort of leadership style Allenby had? He was known as the 'bull' and had a mixed career. He had success in South Africa where the cavalry used its mobility. Frustration in WWI on the western front – trench warfare and a l...
     
 
  Goleman's Use of the Word 'he'
Is Goleman referring to both 'females' and 'males' within the creation of resonance table, or simply males. I have noted that Goleman uses the word 'he' rather than 'people' or 'persons'?...
     
 

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