Principles of Management Fayol

Knowledge Center

The general management principles as summarized by Fayol. Explanation of 14 Principles of Management of Henri Fayol. (1916)

Contributed by: Vincent Marino

Contents

  1. Summary
  2. Forum
  3. Expert Tips
  4. Resources

  Print





Why register?
Log in

Henri Fayol (1841-1925) - 14 Principles of Management

What are the 14 Principles of Management? Description

The 14 Management Principles from Henri Fayol (1841-1925) are:

  1. Division of Work. Specialization allows the individual to build up experience, and to continuously improve his skills. Thereby he can be more productive.
  2. Authority. The right to issue commands, along with which must go the balanced responsibility for its function.
  3. Discipline. Employees must obey, but this is two-sided: employees will only obey orders if management play their part by providing good leadership.
  4. Unity of Command. Each worker should have only one boss with no other conflicting lines of command.
  5. Unity of Direction. People engaged in the same kind of activities must have the same objectives in a single plan. This is essential to ensure unity and coordination in the enterprise. Unity of command does not exist without unity of direction but does not necessarily flows from it.
  6. Subordination of individual interest (to the general interest). Management must see that the goals of the firms are always paramount.
  7. Remuneration. Payment is an important motivator although by analyzing a number of possibilities, Fayol points out that there is no such thing as a perfect system.
  8. Centralization (or Decentralization). This is a matter of degree depending on the condition of the business and the quality of its personnel.
  9. Scalar chain (Line of Authority). A hierarchy is necessary for unity of direction. But lateral communication is also fundamental, as long as superiors know that such communication is taking place. Scalar chain refers to the number of levels in the hierarchy from the ultimate authority to the lowest level in the organization. It should not be over-stretched and consist of too-many levels.
  10. Order. Both material order and social order are necessary. The former minimizes lost time and useless handling of materials. The latter is achieved through organization and selection.
  11. Equity. In running a business a ‘combination of kindliness and justice’ is needed. Treating employees well is important to achieve equity.
  12. Stability of Tenure of Personnel. Employees work better if job security and career progress are assured to them. An insecure tenure and a high rate of employee turnover will affect the organization adversely.
  13. Initiative. Allowing all personnel to show their initiative in some way is a source of strength for the organization. Even though it may well involve a sacrifice of ‘personal vanity’ on the part of many managers.
  14. Team Spirit (Esprit de Corps). Management must foster the morale of its employees. He further suggests that: “real talent is needed to coordinate effort, encourage keenness, use each person’s abilities, and reward each one’s merit without arousing possible jealousies and disturbing harmonious relations.”

What is Management? Five elements

Fayol's definition of management roles and actions distinguishes between Five Elements:

  1. Prevoyance. (Forecast & Plan). Examining the future and drawing up a plan of action. The elements of strategy.
  2. To organize. Build up the structure, both material and human, of the undertaking.
  3. To command. Maintain the activity among the personnel.
  4. To coordinate. Binding together, unifying and harmonizing all activity and effort.
  5. To control. Seeing that everything occurs in conformity with established rule and expressed command.

Origin of the 14 Principles of Management. History

Henri Fayol (1841-1925) was a French management theorist whose theories in management and organization of labor were widely influential in the beginning of 20th century. He was a mining engineer who worked for a French mining company Commentry-Fourchamboult-Decazeville, first as an engineer. Then he moved into general management and became Managing Director from 1888 to 1918. During his tenure as Managing Director he wrote various articles on 'administration' and in 1916 the Bulletin de la Société de l’ Industrie Minérale, printed his "Administration, Industrielle et Générale – Prévoyance, Organisation, Commandement, Coordination, Contrôle". In 1949 the first English translation appeared:  ‘General and Industrial Management’ by Constance Storrs.


Usage of the 14 Management Principles. Applications

  • Change and Organization.
  • Decision-making.
  • Skills. Can be used to improve the basic effectiveness of a manager.
  • Understand that management can be seen as a variety of activities, which can be listed and grouped.

Book: Henri Fayol - General and Industrial Management -




Principles of Management - Fayol Forum (40 topics) Help
  Management Mantras
What is the present management mantra practiced in your organisation? A paradigm shift in management may lead to innovations which may lead to new applications.
Or are the old management theories still being practiced in your organization?...
     
  Books by Henri Fayol on Management
Has he written any books? I can only find articles about his management style, but no books. Please help....
     
  Exactly Where are the 14 Principles of Fayol Located?
I am writing an essay which encompasses Fayol's theory and applying it to a modern business. I have a copy of General and Industrial Management to hand but I'm having difficulty to find a reference to the 14 principles in the book.
Are these pri...
     
  The Contribution of Henri Fayol to Strategy
The biggest contribution Fayol made to the discipline of management or administration is not his 14 principles or the 5 functions of a manager.
In my opinion, it was to identify that there is a framework of strategies common to all organizations...
     
  Current Research on Fayol / 14 Principles?
Although they are now almost 100 years old, we seem to agree that Fayol's principles continue to be relevant today.
Do you know of any research teams who are currently working on ...
     
  Are Fayol's Principles of Management also applicable to non-profit organizations?
Fayol's principles of management were written having industrial (mining) firms in mind. Obviously these are for profit companies.
Are the 14 principles also applicable to non-profit organizations? Which principles would have to be changed should...
     
  On the 4th Principle: Unity of Command
According to Fayol's 4th Principle, Unity of Command, I should receive instruction from one boss who is my immediate manager.
However I have been instructed by other managers from other department too. And even by my colleagues. These instructio...
     
  Difference between Adminstration and Management
Should't Fayol's principles be called the 14 principles of Administration? Why was 'administration' (in the French language) translated into English in 1949 as 'management'? What differences are there between the area of studying administratio...
     
  All of These Principles are Obvious Features
In every organization, we can see all of them but we can't classify the companies with them. For example: classify to efficient or non efficient organization, competitive or primitive, dynamic or static, etc.
These principles just tell us how an...
     
  Manager in Conflict with Top Management...
Conflicts occur regularly in almost all organisations. Managers having a conflict with top management normally have to accept the decision and command of top management.
But quite often, the manager might be right as he is the one who is convers...
     
  (Why) Do we Need Managers?
Why do we need managers? They are a layer of cost and add no real value, so why do we have them? Most specialists left their field to be managers and usually hate it and perform at lower levels than in their previous roles.
What if we reduced ma...
     
  Managers versus Leaders
Not all managers are good leaders and not all leaders are good managers. We need to develop both managers and leaders to realize the vision and mission of the company....
     
  On #9: Scalar Chain has to be Modified for Current Times
Had Fayol been alive today, he would have modified scalar structure as the hierarchy is different and structures are much more flat today. People are working in different countries on a single project and individual responsibility is bigger combined ...
     
  Fayol's Management Roles
Fayol mentioned 5 roles (or actions):
1. Prevoyance.
2. To organize.
3. To command.
4. To coordinate.
5. To control.
Apart from these 5 managerial functions or roles in my view:
6.  
   
  Fayols Principles are the Basis of Many Later Management Concepts
Many recent management principle are extension of these 14 concepts. The only difference is often that they are confined to a set of more practical concepts to survive in the highly competitive global market....
     
  Some Items May Be Missing, But...
Dear all, we can now identify what is missing in the 14 principles. But when there were no principles, could we imagine the missings?
The 14 Principles of Fayol are the fundamental thoughts of management and now others items can be added in mana...
     
  Add #15 Principle: Conformity to the Basic Origin
Aristotle noticed that well-being everywhere depends on two things: a choice of the correct goal, and a choice of a correct way of its achievement. In other words, to do the right things in the right way.
The 14 principles of Fayo...
     
  Need for Employees' Welfare in the Principles
It is obvious that in this 14 principles something is missing: the inclusion of "staff welfare". Because after all proper measures has been put in place, and the end-result is achieved, what becomes of this team that achieved this goal, apart from be...
     
  School Based Management
For school based management, behavioural aspects of management will be predominant while for higher levels the nitty-gritty of business will be more important....
     
  What is Prevoyance? Explanation
Prevoyance is the function of management which says one must examine the future and draw a plan. How hard is it to forecast what needs to be done in the future? I need a bit of explanation on this, thanks......
     



Principles of Management - Fayol Special Interest Group


Special Interest Group

Principles of Management - Fayol Education & Events


Find Trainings, Seminars and Events


Expert Tips - Principles of Management - Fayol Premium
  Fayol's 16 Management Duties of the Organisation - Management Science
 
  Fayol's 5 Elements of Administration - Management Science
 
  Fayol's 6 Types of Operations - Management Science
 
  Fayol's 7 Qualities of Managers - Management Science
 
  Six Groups of Activities of Henri Fayol - Management Science
 
  Powell's Support to Fayol's Ideas - Management Science
 

Resources - Principles of Management - Fayol Premium
Visions on the Roles of Managers, Management Roles, Managerial Roles - Management, Leadership, Reflection on What Management Fundamentally is, Workshops, Trainings
Original Source Document of the 14 Principles of Fayol - Management History 'pur Sang'
Fayol Principles of Management - Principles of Management
Theory of Bureaucracy (Weber) and the 14 Principles of Management (Fayol) - Administration, Management, Early Administrative Management Theories, 5 Principles, Bureaucracy
Leading versus Managing - Understanding the differences between Leading and managing
Principles of Management - Principles and History of Management
Interpretation of the 14 Principles of Management: Comparison of Then and Now - Principles of Management
 

News - Principles Fayol

     
 

News - Management Fayol

     
 

Videos - Principles Fayol

     
 

Videos - Management Fayol

     
 

Presentations - Principles Fayol

     
 

Presentations - Management Fayol

     
 

More - Principles Fayol

     
 

More - Management Fayol

     

Compare with the 14 Principles of Management: POSDCORB  |  Organization Chart  |  Fourteen Points of Management (Deming)  |  Ten Schools of Thought  |  Training Within Industry  |  Eight Attributes of Management Excellence  |  Centralization and Decentralization


Return to Management Hub: Change & Organization  |  Communication & Skills  |  Decision-making & Valuation  |  Human Resources


More Management Methods, Models and Theory

Sponsor
Sponsor this knowledge center

Special Interest Group Leader
Would you like to be our Principles of Management SIG Leader?

All you need to know about management

12manage for:



Management Smart Card

12manage in:





Copyright 2014 12manage - The Executive Fast Track. V12.0 - Last updated: 31-7-2014. All names tm by their owners.