Hofstede Dimensions Re: Toyota and GMCatherine M. Bing
, CEO, United States
See below country averages. Note that these are not necessarly indicative of Toyota or GM, but it is likely the cultural differences will be similar.
Uncertainty avoidance - US 46; Japan 92 (large difference here - Japanese have high need for certainty - as evidenced by kata's - "rules" for many things from how to arrange flowers to where to sit in meetings).
Power distance - US 40; Japan 54
Masculinity - US 62; Japan 95
Long term orientation - US 26; Japan 88 (largest disparity here)
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