Hofstede Dimensions Re: Toyota and GM
Catherine M. Bing, CEO, United States
See below country averages. Note that these are not necessarly indicative of Toyota or GM, but it is likely the cultural differences will be similar.
Uncertainty avoidance - US 46; Japan 92 (large difference here - Japanese have high need for certainty - as evidenced by kata's - "rules" for many things from how to arrange flowers to where to sit in meetings).
Power distance - US 40; Japan 54
Masculinity - US 62; Japan 95
Long term orientation - US 26; Japan 88 (largest disparity here)
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